by Dept. of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts in Amherst, MA .
Written in English
|Statement||by Donald A. Proulx.|
|Series||Research report / Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts ;, no. 25, Research reports (University of Massachusetts at Amherst. Dept. of Anthropology) ;, no. 25.|
|LC Classifications||F3429.1.N4 P75 1985|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||viii, 359 p. :|
|Number of Pages||359|
|LC Control Number||86157374|
Archaeological Investigations in the Nepeña Valley, Peru. Research Report Num Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. An Analysis of the Early Cultural Sequence in the Nepeña Valley, Peru Research Report Num Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst. Peru - Peru - Colonial patterns: The Spanish conquest of the Incas in was accompanied by several dramatic changes in Andean settlement patterns. First, the Spanish were oriented toward their European homeland. Thus, Spanish cities such as Piura (), Lima (), and Trujillo () were established near ports that were the sea links to Spain. Peru - Peru - Discovery and exploration by Europeans: Spanish interest in the west coast of South America grew after Vasco Núñez de Balboa discovered the Pacific Ocean in , but it was not until that Francisco Pizarro, aided by another soldier, Diego de Almagro, and a priest, Hernando de Luque, undertook explorations that led to the conquest of Peru. The same year Peru and Bolivia went on a four-year war with Chile over territorial disputes, resulting into defeat of Peru. During the 20th century, Peru settled its boundary disputes with neighbors, like with Chile in , with Colombia in , and with Ecuador in Today, Peru is a liberal democratic country in South America. Culture.
Peru - Peru - Demographic trends: The population of the Inca empire at the time of the Spanish conquest in is commonly estimated to have been around 12 million, although estimates vary. Not all of these people, of course, lived within the boundaries of modern Peru, but it is clear that Peru was the most densely settled area in pre-Hispanic South America. Chanchamayo Valley. Nestled in the province of Junin in central Peru's jungle, the Chanchamayo Valley -- also called La Selva Central -- is a day's drive from Lima, about miles east of the capital city. The fertile, humid valley at the edge of the Amazon Basin is known for . The book is a discussion of the most recent findings made at the EIP sites of the Acari Valley, in the south coast of Peru. This includes evidence for human decapitation found at the site of Amato. Peru - Peru - Cultural institutions: Much of the country’s cultural development is overseen by the National Institute of Culture, which seeks to make cultural activities available to all. The Peruvian museums are especially rich in their archaeological collections representing Peru’s pre-Hispanic past. The most noteworthy of these are in Lima and include such institutions as the National.
END NOTES. Ivan Van Sertima, “Evidence For An African Presence in Pre-Columbian America,” in Ivan Van Sertima (ed.) African Presence in Early America, New Brunswick, Transaction Publishers, , p Ibid. Van Sertima, They Came Before Columbus, New York, Random House, , p Lopez de Gomara, Historia de Mexico, Anvers, A. MacNutt (ed and trans.), De . The small Sirgenstein Cave, German: Sirgensteinhöhle is situated m (1, ft) above sea level inside the 20 m (66 ft) high Sirgenstein, a limestone rock. The cave sits 35 m ( ft) above the Ach River valley bottom in the central Swabian Jura, southern Germany. Archaeologist R. R. Schmidt excavated the site in during which he identified indices of prehistoric human presence. Because of Cultural Expeditions’ dedication to the arts and culture of Peru, the Gallery provides some examples of artifacts from different Peruvian cultural time periods. Other useful resources are our map of the ancient cultures of Peru and the World History Timeline. Peru, country in western South America. Except for the Lake Titicaca basin in the southeast, its borders lie in sparsely populated zones. Peru has a great diversity of climates, ways of life, and economic activities. The capital is Lima. Learn more about the country, including its history, geography, and culture.